- By sahlhealth
- May 18, 2021
- 28 views
Adnexal tumors are growths that form on the organs and connective tissues around the uterus. Adnexal tumors are most often noncancerous (benign), but they can be cancerous (malignant).
Adnexal tumors occur in the:
Connective tissue around the ovaries or fallopian tubes
Adnexal tumors on the skin and eye appear as yellow projections on the affected surface.
They are not very noticeable during the early stages, and hence are overlooked. Most patients seek medical attention only after the tumors are big enough to cause discomfort or obstruct vision.
Uterine adnexal tumors donâ€™t produce many symptoms until they become large enough to interfere with body functions or become malignant. The most common early symptoms of uterine adnexal tumors include abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, and irregular menstruation. Less common symptoms include nausea and fever.
Since most adnexal masses are non-cancerous, prognosis is often very good after appropriate treatment. Surgical removal of the tumor offers a complete cure for the majority of patients.
Malignant adnexal tumors have poor prognosis and lower survival rate, which ranges from a few weeks to over a year, depending on the stage at which the tumor is diagnosed.
A type of skin adnexal tumor called the microcystic adnexal carcinoma is highly aggressive and can be fatal if not treated as an emergency. Depending on the type of adnexal tumor, medical or surgical treatment options are offered.