- By sahlhealth
- May 18, 2021
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-An Aortic Aneurysm is an abnormal bulge that occurs in the wall of the major blood vessel (aorta) that carries blood from your heart to your body. Aortic aneurysms can occur anywhere in your aorta and may be tube-shaped (fusiform) or round (saccular).
Aortic aneurysms include:
- Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm occurs along the part of the aorta that passes through the abdomen.
- Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm. A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm occurs along the part of the aorta that passes through the chest cavity.
-In some cases, an individual may have an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm and a Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm.Having an Aortic aneurysm increases your risk of developing an aortic dissection.An aortic dissection occurs when a tear develops in the inner layer of the wall of the aorta. This causes one or more of the layers of the wall of the aorta to separate, which weakens the wall of the aorta. Having an aortic aneurysm also increases your risk that the aneurysm can burst (rupture).
-An AAA often grows slowly, without symptoms. As it grows, some people may notice a pulsating feeling near the navel. Pain in the back, stomach or side may be signs of impending rupture.
Can have no symptoms, but people may experience:
- Pain areas: in the abdomen, back, or flank
- Also common: nausea or pulsating abdominal mass
-The treatment of your Aneurysm depends on how big it is. If it's less than 5 centimeters, or 2 inches, your doctor might try to treat it with medication first. He might prescribe drugs, such as beta blockers and calcium channel blockers to lower your blood pressure and relax your blood vessels. These medications will lessen the chance that your Aneurysm will rupture or burst.Your doctor will continue to monitor you every 6 months to see whether or not your aneurysm is growing. He will also tell you to avoid heavy lifting, which puts pressure on your aorta.
-If your aneurysm continues to grow and if you have symptoms, like chest, back, or jaw pain, your doctor may decide to perform surgery on you to remove the bulge.The most common type of surgery is open abdominal or chest repair, where the doctor opens up your chest or abdomen, depending on where the problem is, removes the bulge in your aorta, and replaces it with a fabric tube called a graft.