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Fever and Nose Bleeding

Fever

Fever is the clinical name given to a rise in body temperature above 37°C. It is usually triggered by
infections and associated with other symptoms such as a sore throat or chickenpox, but sometimes it
results from other illnesses that are not readily apparent. Fever is usually a concern for children and
babies because some of them have a susceptibility in their central nervous system and might experience
a febrile seizure when the temperature goes beyond 39°C.

First aids to treat fever in babies and children

Children and babies with fever might show additional signs and symptoms such as becoming fussy and
irritable. The first thing you need to do is check their temperature with a thermometer, but if the high
temperature is too obvious and you don’t have any tools at hand, there is something you can do before
reaching the emergency room.

The first thing you need to do is give your child enough water because fever is often associated with
dehydration. Cover your child with a blanket and be attentive to additional signs and symptoms. You can
use acetaminophen or any other medication but be sure to use the dose and frequency your doctor
recommended previously.

The big question is fever in babies, when to worry. After giving him the first dose of acetaminophen, wait for 30 minutes and check the temperature once
again. Call your pediatrician or go to the emergency room if the temperature is higher than 38°C at any
point or if you don’t have a thermometer.

First aids to treat high fever in adults

Treating fever in adults is easier because the dose of acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce body
temperature should not be adjusted according to the patient’s weight. However, it is important to be
careful and be attentive when neurologic symptoms start to arise in older adults and susceptible
populations.

Nose bleeding

As the name implies, nose bleeding is blood flooding from the nostrils, and it is often an alarming
symptom of an underlying disease or a consequence of trauma. However, in many other cases, nose
bleeding is a harmless and self-limited issue that is controlled without any consequences.
Possible causes of nose bleeding

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There are many causes of nose bleeding. The most common cause is trauma, but people may also start
bleeding spontaneously after a sudden change in temperature, sneezing, or blowing the nose
frequently. In these cases, nose bleeding is caused by capillary fragility in the blood vessels located in
the nostrils.

However, nose bleeding may also be a sign of a hypertensive crisis, a sudden rise in blood pressure that
might become life-threatening when not controlled. In severe head trauma, severe nose bleeding may
also be caused by a skull fracture.

First aids in case of nose bleeding

The first thing to do when there’s a nose bleeding is controlling the blood flow. In most cases, you can
stop bleeding by pinching the nose for a few seconds, taking a pause and doing it again until the
bleeding stops. While you’re at it, instruct the individual to remain seated with the head leaning forward
to prevent blood from flowing down to the throat.

Tell the individual to stop talking and avoid coughing or sniffing as they breathe through the mouth
instead of the nose. All of these measures are meant to keep the airways open and reduce the chance of
breathing blood.

Call emergency services if bleeding does not stop after 30 minutes, when it is too severe or after head
trauma. You should also look for urgent medical help if the nose bleeding is accompanied by concerning
symptoms as in severe headaches, changes of consciousness, and confusion.

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