First Aid Tips incase of Snake or Dog Bites

Dog bite

Similar to many other animal bites, dog bites are prone to get infected, and we should consider the possibility of an infection with rabies in unidentified dogs. In most cases, dog bites leave a puncture area in the skin and a wide swollen area that is very painful when the patient tries to move. This wound is especially susceptible to infections, and should always be assessed by a doctor or healthcare professional, even if the wound does not look infected or serious.

What to do in case of a dog bite

As we mentioned, this type of wound is very likely to get infected. However, unlike other wounds, dog bites inject infected substances to deep layers of skin, and it is often more dangerous than a simple scratch.

Similar to a scratch, it is important to wash and rinse dog bites, but in this case, this should be done with an abundant flow of water and use antiseptic soap instead of the regular soap. After doing so, apply pressure to the wound in order to control bleeding, and reassure the person, not encouraging him/her to stand up and move the affected limb immediately.

This treatment is also important when an unidentified dog has licked in an open wound, and you should always take them to the emergency room without delay in order to get an anti-rabies and tetanus shot. Identifying dangerous dog bites Every case of dog bite requires medical attention, especially when it comes from a street dog, an unidentified dog, or one with no records of anti-rabies vaccines and suspicious behavior (not drinking water and overly aggressive).

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Be especially careful and look for urgent medical attention when:
● The wound gets swollen and red
● Bite results in an open wound instead of teeth punctures
● Bleeding becomes profuse
● The dog bites sensitive areas such as the face and genitalia.

Snake bite

There are many types of land and sea snakes, but not everyone is dangerous, and it might be difficult to differentiate them if you have no experience in the most common species according to your localization. Snake bites can trigger an allergic reaction called anaphylaxis, and some of them release venom into the wound to kill or stun their prey.

First aids to treat a snake bite

Even in dry snake bites where venom is apparently not released, it is important to call emergency services right away. In some cases, it will be necessary to use cardiopulmonary resuscitation when the patient is unconscious. If the patient is awake and alert, instruct him to remain as calm and still as possible to reduce the chance of venom spread.

What you need to do is bandaging the area firmly. It should be tight, with a pressure that makes you unable to slide your finger between the skin and the bandage. After applying pressure in the area, use another bandage to wrap and immobilize the whole limb. Do not wash the bite area because if there is venom in the area, it will be easier to identify the snake and give the patient a fitting antidote in the emergency room. Identifying a dangerous snake bite

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Venomous bites can be identified because they give out additional signs and symptoms such as:
● Severe swelling with intense pain
● Enlarged lymph nodes near the area of the snake bite
● Breathing difficulty or swallowing problems
● Muscle weakness
● Irregular heartbeat
● Blurred vision and dizziness
● Stomach pain
● Confusion
● Bleeding gums
● Paralysis
● Loss of consciousness

In these cases, it is even more urgent to call emergency services. By no means try to kill the snake because you might become another victim and emergency services prefer to run tests instead of relying on visual identification.

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