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Head Injuries

Head injuries are among the most dangerous types of trauma. Severe blows to the head may cause internal bleeding and repeated milder blows may change the pressure in the skull and cause a severe injury with long-standing consequences.

Since head injuries are serious and you might arrive sooner than professional medical help, what should you do about an acute head injury until emergency services arrive?

First aids in case of head injury

In case of head injury, the first thing to do is control the bleeding in case it is necessary. To do it, first, clean the area with abundant water and use soap only if it is a minor injury. Cover the wound with a bandage and apply pressure. If there is no active bleeding or you have already controlled it, proceed to reduce swelling by applying ice packs or similar measures. This will also help the patient control pain symptoms.

Even if the injury does not seem to be severe, watch out for signs or symptoms of severe head injury or concussion for the next 2 days. If there are any signs of severe head trauma, call emergency services right away.

Recognizing severe head injuries

There are severe cases of head injury that requires more urgent medical attention. You should not delay and call emergency services right away in these cases:

  • When the victim becomes lethargic or loses his consciousness
  • When the victim is confused and unable to follow a normal train of thought
  • When the victim reports a vision problem or starts vomiting
  • When the victim has visible bone fragments in the skull
  •  When the victim does not remember what happened
  • In case of worsening headaches
  • When there is a change in color around the eyes or behind the ears shortly after head trauma.
Also Read  First Aid Tips incase of Snake or Dog Bites

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