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Normal baby development in the first 5 years of life

After the first year of life, many things have happened, and your baby has grown exponentially and developed skills that will make you feel excited every time. However, it’s yet the start of a new life, and there is much more to experience and new things to learn. This is what you would expect in their growth and development during the first 5 years of life (2):

  • Year 2: The first year of life is more reflective. It is also full of discoveries to be made. But in the second year, your child will start to see the world around him and get interested in social stimuli. That is why he becomes involved and excited to see other children and imitates behaviors around him, both good and bad. He becomes more independent and starts displaying challenging behaviors toward his parents. His understanding of language allows him to speak with 4-word sentences and is now able to recognize and point at objects and body parts. This is a perfect moment to play with a ball as he becomes able to run and kick a ball
  • Year 3: In this stage, children become better players and understand the rules of different games. They are able to wait for their turn and follows instructions. They are able to carry a conversation with a few sentences and show a wide range of emotions, including affection toward friends, a true concern when someone is crying, and others. In their third year, they are usually able to walk up and down the stairs without problems but one foot at a time.
  • Year 4: In the fourth year of life, children start to play with their imagination through make- believe games. However, they are sometimes lost in their fantasies and become unable to make out real, and make-believe play. He would start telling stories and singing songs by memory and begins to understand concepts such as time and counting.
  • Year 5: 5-year-olds are ready to explore the outside world and develop their talents with more independence. He speaks clearly and is capable of saying his address, understand more concepts in their daily life, as in the case of money and gender, and starts to differentiate shapes and numbers.
Also Read  Effects Of Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy

Throughout his lifetime, your children will give you plenty of joy and many different reasons to smile. As you see him running around, achieving his goals, getting new skills, and understanding the world around them, it is impossible not to feel proud and grateful for this gift of nature. However, keep in mind that each one of us experiences the world differently, and even though there is a schedule most of us follow, your child might take a bit longer o develop certain skills earlier than his peers.

In any case, if you are worried about the normal growth and development of your baby or child, talk to your doctor and solve your doubts promptly. It may not be something to worry about, and if it is, there will be a higher chance to solve development problems when they are still in an early stage.

References:

1. Frankenburg, W. K., & Dodds, J. B. (1967). The Denver developmental screening test. The Journal
of pediatrics, 71(2), 181-191.
2. Press, R. (2015). Developmental milestones of young children. Redleaf Press.
3. Libertus, K., & Needham, A. (2011). Reaching experience increases face preference in
3‐month‐old infants. Developmental Science, 14(6), 1355-1364.
4. Bosch, L., & Sebastián-Gallés, N. (1997). Native-language recognition abilities in 4-month-old
infants from monolingual and bilingual environments. Cognition, 65(1), 33-69.
5. Kuhlmeier, V. A., Bloom, P., & Wynn, K. (2004). Do 5-month-old infants see humans as material
objects?. Cognition, 94(1), 95-103.
6. Rochat, P., & Goubet, N. (1995). Development of sitting and reaching in 5-to 6-month-old
infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 18(1), 53-68.
7. Teinonen, T., Aslin, R. N., Alku, P., & Csibra, G. (2008). Visual speech contributes to phonetic
learning in 6-month-old infants. Cognition, 108(3), 850-855.
8. Hamlin, J. K., Hallinan, E. V., & Woodward, A. L. (2008). Do as I do: 7‐month‐old infants
selectively reproduce others’ goals. Developmental Science, 11(4), 487-494.
9. Van der Fits, I. B. M., Otten, E., Klip, A. W. J., Van Eykern, L. A., & Hadders-Algra, M. (1999). The
development of postural adjustments during reaching in 6-to 18-month-old infants Evidence for
two transitions. Experimental Brain Research, 126(4), 517-528.
10. Junge, C., Cutler, A., & Hagoort, P. (2012). Electrophysiological evidence of early word learning.
Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3702-3712.
11. Ilari, B. S. (2002). Music perception and cognition in the first year of life. Early child development
and care, 172(3), 311-322.
12. Adolph, K. E., & Tamis‐LeMonda, C. S. (2014). The costs and benefits of development: The
transition from crawling to walking. Child development perspectives, 8(4), 187-192.

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