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Sahlhealth

Tips to Prevent Prostate Cancer

The facts of prostate cancer

The prostate is an organ located under the bladder, produces semen. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men.

The risk of developing prostate cancer progressively increases with age hence it’s rare for men to develop prostate cancer before age 40. 60% of the cases happen to those who are above the age of 60.

There’s no absolute prostate cancer prevention, but evidence suggests diet plays a key role. Keep reading for diet tips and more information.

1. Eat tomatoes and other red foods

Tomatoes, watermelon, and other red foods owe their bright color to a powerful antioxidant called lycopene. Men who consume this fruit and tomato-based products have a lower risk of prostate cancer than those who don’t. However, studies linking tomatoes to prostate cancer prevention are limited and ongoing.

A study in 2018 from Spain suggests that tomatoes make it easier for your body to absorb lycopene. The redder the tomato, the better because lycopene accumulates during ripening.

2. Recognize the power of fruits and veggies

Nutrients and vitamins contained in fruits and vegetables may also lower your risk of getting prostate cancer. Green vegetables contain compounds that help your body break down cancer-causing substances called carcinogens. A nutrient-rich diet may also help slow the spread of cancer.

By eating fruits and vegetables throughout the day, you’ll be less likely to fill up on processed junk food.

3. Consider soybeans and tea

Another tip is to include isoflavones in your diet. Isoflavones can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. They are found in:

  • tofu (made from soybeans)
  • chickpeas
  • lentils
  • peanuts

4. Pour another cup of coffee

Indulging a serious coffee habit can help one fight the risk of fatal prostate cancer:

  • Drinking four to five cups of coffee every day can lower your chances of fatal and high-grade prostate cancer, according to a 2014 review of clinical studies.
  • Regardless of how many cups you drink overall, every three cups of coffee you drink can reduce your risk of fatal prostate cancer about 11 percent.

This describes a dose-response relationship between prostate cancer and coffee. That means the effect on prostate cancer goes up or down with the amount of coffee you drink. These effects may not extend to someone who only grabs an occasional cup.

5. Make good choices about fat

A 2014 study notes there may be a link between animal fats and an increased risk of prostate cancer. In addition to meat, animal fats are found in lard, butter, and cheese. Whenever possible, replace animal-based fats with plant-based fats.

This, instead of that:

  • olive oil instead of butter
  • fruit instead of candy
  • fresh vegetables instead of prepackaged foods
  • nuts or seeds instead of cheese

Also, overcooking meat produces carcinogens, so be careful not to overcook your meat.

6. Stop smoking

Prostate cancer patients who smoke are more likely to have a recurrence of the disease. Smokers also have a higher risk of dying from prostate cancer.

It’s not too late to quit. When compared with current smokers, prostate cancer patients who quit smoking for more than 10 years had the same mortality risk as those who never smoked.

7. Keep in mind controversial foods

Fish and omega-3

Fatty acid, known as omega-3, may help reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer. Omega-3 is found in certain fish including sardines, tuna, mackerel, trout, and salmon.

There was a study in 2013 that suggested that men with high concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids in their blood are more likely to develop prostate cancer.

However, more current research in 2015 found some problems with the research and stated that the study did not establish a link between increased intake of omega-3 and increased risk of prostate cancer.

Based on this controversial information, it is best to check with your doctor to discuss what is the best choice for you.

Folate

According to the American Cancer Society, some clinical studies in the 1990s found that that low folate levels in your blood can increase your risk for cancer.

However, supplementing with folic acid, a man-made form of folate may increase the risk of cancer.

Folate is found in foods like green vegetables, beans, whole grains, and fortified breakfast cereals. The American Cancer Society recommends getting adequate amounts of folate through eating a variety of these foods.

Dairy

According to a study by Mayo Clinic, some dairy products, or diets high in calcium are linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer. However, this risk is considered minimal.

8. Make time for exercise

This is because being overweight or obese has been linked to an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer.

Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. Benefits of exercise include increased muscle mass and better metabolism and hence you should try:

  • walking
  • running
  • bicycling
  • swimming

Exercise doesn’t have to be boring and so vary your routine and invite your friends to participate. You’re more likely to work out when it’s fun.

9. Talk to your doctor

Ask your doctor about your risk of developing prostate cancer. Some points to discuss include:

  • what medical screening tests you should have as you age
  • family history of cancer
  • dietary recommendations

Tell your doctor if you’re just beginning a new exercise program, or if you have the following symptoms:

  • discomfort anywhere in your pelvic or rectal areas
  • difficulty urinating
  • blood in your urine or semen

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